Oral and systemic health
Oral and systemic health are closely related. Abnormalities in the oral cavity can affect systemic health and the growth and development of children. Likewise, systemic conditions or their treatments can affect the oral cavity or the feasibility of delivering dental care. The oral conditions that affect systemic health and the systemic
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Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health
(3 days ago) UpToDate, electronic clinical resource tool for physicians and patients that provides information on Adult Primary Care and Internal Medicine, Allergy and Immunology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Family Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hematology, Infectious Diseases, Nephrology and Hypertension, Neurology, …
Pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation in adults
(1 days ago) INTRODUCTION — Smoking cessation is associated with clear health benefits. Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States and worldwide. Tobacco use increases the risk of many acute and chronic …
Summary rating of health plan quality
(3 days ago) health plans in the United States have been measuring and publicly reporting their performance on measures of quality of care. In part, this was a response to health care purchasers… goal of health care and include measures of patients quantity and quality of life. The risk-adjusted 30-day mortality rate following hospital discharge is an example of an outcome measure of quality.…
COVID-19: General approach to infection prevention in the
(2 days ago) Health care personnel — The approach to screening health care personnel (HCP) entering the health care setting depends upon the institution's policies. At a minimum, HCP should monitor themselves for fever and other symptoms of COVID-19 and stay home if they are ill . They should then contact occupational health for additional guidance.
(3 days ago) Patient Education. UpToDate offers two levels of content for patients: The Basics are short overviews. They are written in accordance with plain language principles and answer the four or five most important questions a person might have about a medical problem. Beyond the Basics are longer, more detailed reviews.
COVID-19: Occupational health issues for health care
(3 days ago) The health care worker had prolonged close contact (within 6 feet for ≥15 minutes over 24 hours) with a source patient during a non-aerosol-generating procedure and: • The health care worker did not use a respirator or medical mask, even if the source patient was wearing a …
COVID-19: General approach to infection control in the
(9 days ago) All health care workers (HCWs) who enter the room of a patient with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 should wear personal protective equipment (PPE) to reduce the risk of exposure. Standard PPE for patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 includes the use of a gown, gloves, a respirator, and eye or face protection.
COVID-19: Return to play or strenuous activity following
(1 days ago) Mental health considerations — Clinicians should be alert for signs of mental health problems among the athletes they are helping to return to play following illness with COVID-19, particularly those with known risk factors (eg, history of depression). The loss of opportunities to participate and compete in sport due to the COVID-19 pandemic
Nomogram for adjusting unfractionated heparin
(2 days ago) Nomogram for adjusting unfractionated heparin in adults using anti-factor Xa activity or* the aPTT. Bolus: 80 units/kg (using total body weight) Maximum = 10,000 units. Initial infusion rate: 18 units/kg/hr (using total body weight) Maximum = 2000 units/hour. If using anti-factor Xa activity*.
Treatment of hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated
(2 days ago) Pneumonia types — Pneumonia is frequently categorized based on site of acquisition ( table 1 ). Hospital-acquired (or nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP) is pneumonia that occurs 48 hours or more after admission and did not appear to be incubating at the time of admission. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a type of HAP that develops more than
(8 days ago) UpToDate, electronic clinical resource tool for physicians and patients that provides information on Adult Primary Care and Internal Medicine, Allergy and Immunology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Family Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hematology, Infectious Diseases, Nephrology and Hypertension, Neurology, …
Malaria: Epidemiology, prevention, and control
(9 days ago) Malaria is endemic throughout most of the tropics [ 1 ]. Eighty seven countries and territories have ongoing transmission. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 229 million cases and 409 thousand deaths from malaria occurred in 2019 [ 2 ]; this is a decrease from 239 million cases in 2010, whereas 435,000 deaths were recorded in 2016.
Adult basic life support (BLS) for health care providers
(Just Now) These guidelines and associated algorithms for basic life support (BLS) and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) can be accessed using the following link and graphic: AHA interim guidelines for COVID-19 patients ( algorithm 1 ). These guidelines should be used for all patients with an unknown etiology of cardiac arrest.
NICHD definitions of FHR characteristics and patterns
(2 days ago) National Institue of Child Health and Human Development Research Planning Workshop. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997; 177:1385. Macones GA, Hankins GD, Spong CY, et al. The 2008 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Workshop Report on Electronic Fetal Monitoring: Update on Definitions, Interpretation, and Research Guidelines.
COVID-19: Pregnancy issues and antenatal care
(Just Now) The World Health Organization (WHO) suggests maintaining maternal SpO 2 ≥92 to 95 percent once the patient is stable . In the ICU, severely ill patients with COVID-19 are often managed in the prone position; the left lateral position is …
Patient education: Cirrhosis (Beyond the Basics)
(9 days ago) Professional level information — Professional level articles are designed to keep doctors and other health professionals up-to-date on the latest medical findings. These articles are thorough, long, and complex, and they contain multiple references to the research on which they are based.
Management of bone health in preterm infants
(Just Now) Factors affecting neonatal bone health — Premature infants are at high risk for osteopenia and rickets for several reasons: Rapid growth – Because of their rapid growth, preterm infants have high requirements for calcium and phosphorus, which are critical components for bone structural integrity and growth.
Patient education: Tuberculosis (Beyond the Basics)
(6 days ago) Health department staff will work with the patient's health care provider and the patient to make sure that a safe and effective treatment regimen is completed. Directly observed therapy (DOT) is a program used by public health departments to ensure that a patient safely takes his or her medication exactly as prescribed.
Patient education: The nephrotic syndrome (Beyond the
(4 days ago) Professional level information — Professional level articles are designed to keep doctors and other health professionals up-to-date on the latest medical findings. These articles are thorough, long, and complex, and they contain multiple references to the research on which they are based.
DiGeorge (22q11.2 deletion) syndrome: Management and
(5 days ago) The content on the UpToDate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any …
CDC/WHO definitions of MIS-C
(2 days ago) CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; WHO: World Health Organization; MIS-C: multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children; CRP: C-reactive protein; ESR: erythrocyte sedimentation rate; LDH: lactate dehydrogenase; IL-6: interleukin 6; BNP: brain natriuretic peptide; ARDS: acute respiratory distress syndrome; AKI: acute kidney injury; SARS-CoV-2: …
Patient education: Recovery after COVID-19 (The Basics
(Just Now) COVID-19 stands for "coronavirus disease 2019." It is caused by a virus called SARS-CoV-2. The virus first appeared in late 2019 and quickly spread around the world. People with COVID-19 can have fever, cough, trouble breathing (when the virus infects the lungs), and other symptoms. Since COVID-19 is a fairly new disease, experts are still
Patient education: Rhabdomyolysis (The Basics)
(7 days ago) The content on the UpToDate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any …
Patient education: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(6 days ago) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (often called "COPD") is a condition in which the airways in the lungs become inflamed and narrowed and the air sacs become damaged. Smoking cigarettes is the most common cause of COPD. As the lungs become more damaged over time, it becomes increasingly difficult to breathe.
Patient education: Quitting smoking (Beyond the Basics
(Just Now) Support can come from family and friends, a health care provider, a counselor, a telephone hotline (in the United States, 1-800-QUIT-NOW), a text messaging program (in the United States, sign up at www.smokefree.gov), online resources, and/or support groups. In addition to getting ongoing encouragement, it is important to have someone you can
Cannabis use: Epidemiology, pharmacology, comorbidities
(8 days ago) Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Results from the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed tables. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 2020.
Patient education: Vitamin D deficiency (Beyond the Basics
(4 days ago) Treatment may even improve the health of other body systems, such as the immune, muscular, and cardiovascular systems, although more research is needed in these areas. DIAGNOSIS OF VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY. A low vitamin D level can be diagnosed with a blood test called 25-hydroxyvitamin D or 25(OH)D (OH = hydroxy, D = vitamin D). Although
Patient education: Losing weight (Beyond the Basics
(7 days ago) INTRODUCTION. Excess weight gain is a major international public health problem and Americans are among the heaviest people in the world. The prevalence of obesity in the United States has continued to increase over time, and data suggest the same is true in many other countries as well.
Patient education: Hepatitis C (Beyond the Basics)
(5 days ago) Health care providers diagnose hepatitis C using two types of test. One type of test checks the blood for antibodies (proteins made by the immune system in response to the virus). If your health care provider orders this, you can get your blood drawn in a lab for testing; you can also buy an antibody test kit to take a small sample of your
Society guideline links: COVID-19 – Obstetric and neonatal
(9 days ago) • New South Wales (NSW) Health: Critical care management of neonatal patients (2020, updated 2021) • NSW Health: Guidance for neonatal services (2020, updated 2021) Breastfeeding International • World Health Organization (WHO): Breastfeeding and COVID-19 …
Patient education: Colon and rectal cancer (Beyond the
(7 days ago) Visits with your health care provider are usually scheduled every three to six months for the first two to three years, then every six months for two years. Most visits will include a discussion of how you are feeling and a physical examination. A blood test for a colorectal cancer tumor marker (carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA]) may be done at
Patient education: Hemodialysis (Beyond the Basics
(6 days ago) A health care provider must be available by telephone in case questions or problems arise; some machines allow you to be monitored remotely via the telephone or internet. A daily (or nightly) dialysis schedule provides substantial benefits compared with in-center, three times weekly hemodialysis.
Society guideline links: Health concerns following a
(6 days ago) -Hurricane season public health preparedness, response, and recovery guidance for health care providers, response and recovery workers, and affected communities (2017)-Immunization recommendations for responders-Response worker health and safety National Kidney Foundation (NKF): Emergency resources
Patient education: Pneumonia prevention in adults (Beyond
(4 days ago) HEALTH MAINTENANCE. Living a healthy lifestyle including eating right, exercising, and maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent many health problems. Taking medicines as prescribed, particularly for chronic illnesses that increase the risk of pneumonia, can also help prevent health complications.
Patient education: Peptic ulcer disease (Beyond the Basics)
(Just Now) Professional level information — Professional level articles are designed to keep doctors and other health professionals up-to-date on the latest medical findings. These articles are thorough, long, and complex, and they contain multiple references to the research on which they are based.