Hallmarks of Health

Health is usually defined as the absence of pathology. Here, we endeavor to define health as a compendium of organizational and dynamic features that maintain physiology. The biological causes or hallmarks of health include features of spatial compartmentalization (integrity of …

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Health advocacy

(1 days ago) Health inequities are disparities in health between populations, perpetuated by economic, social, and political forces. Although it is clear that efforts to improve the health of an individual or population must consider "upstream" factors, how this is operationalized in medicine and medical education is …

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The health of healthcare professionals coping with the

(1 days ago) This work aims to systematize a set of scientific evidence presented in international papers that identify the main problems affecting health professionals directly involved in coping with the COVID-19 pandemic and point out actions and strategies …

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

(1 days ago) Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Quality of

(1 days ago) The terms health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and quality of life (QoL) are used interchangeably. Given that these are three key terms in the literature, their appropriate and clear use is important. This paper reviews the history and definitions of the terms and considers how they have …

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The Health Utilities Index (HUI): concepts, measurement

(1 days ago) This is a review of the Health Utilities Index (HUI) multi-attribute health-status classification systems, and single- and multi-attribute utility scoring systems. HUI refers to both HUI Mark 2 (HUI2) and HUI Mark 3 (HUI3) instruments. The classification systems provide compact but comprehensive fra …

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Health benefits of fermented foods

(1 days ago) In the past, the beneficial effects of fermented foods on health were unknown, and so people primarily used fermentation to preserve foods, enhance shelf life, and improve flavour. Fermented foods became an important part of the diet in many cultures, and over time fermentation has been associated w …

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Tannins and human health: a review

(Just Now) Tannins (commonly referred to as tannic acid) are water-soluble polyphenols that are present in many plant foods. They have been reported to be responsible for decreases in feed intake, growth rate, feed efficiency, net metabolizable energy, and protein digestibility in experimental animals. Therefo …

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Improving Diagnosis in Health Care

(1 days ago) Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a pa …

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Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits

(1 days ago) The different compartments of the gastrointestinal tract are inhabited by populations of micro-organisms. By far the most important predominant populations are in the colon where a true symbiosis with the host exists that is a key for well-being and health. For such a microbiota, 'normobiosis' chara …

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Health assets: a concept analysis

(1 days ago) Health assets mobilize an individual to engage in deliberation, decision making, and change. Consequences of health assets are positive health behaviors that can lead to mastery, self-actualization, and improved health outcomes. We propose both a definition of health assets and a descriptive model of its components and relationships.

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Health insurance and access to health care in the United

(1 days ago) Health insurance, poverty, and health are all interconnected in the United States. This article synthesizes a large and compelling body of health services research, finding a strong association between health insurance coverage and access to primary and preventive care, the treatment of acute and traumatic conditions, and the medical management of chronic illness.

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Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions

(1 days ago) The key factors affecting health in cities can be considered within three broad themes: the physical environment, the social environment, and access to health and social services. The methodologic and conceptual challenges facing the study of urban health, arising both from the limitations of the research to date and from the complexities

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Health literacy: what is it

(1 days ago) The concept of health literacy evolved from a history of defining, redefining, and quantifying the functional literacy needs of the adult population. Along with these changes has come the recognition that sophisticated literacy skills are increasingly needed to function in society and that low liter …

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Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets

(1 days ago) Vegetarian diets do not contain meat, poultry or fish; vegan diets further exclude dairy products and eggs. Vegetarian and vegan diets can vary widely, but the empirical evidence largely relates to the nutritional content and health effects of the average diet of well-educated vegetarians living in Western countries, together with some information on vegetarians in non-Western countries.

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Application of health behaviour theory to sleep health

(1 days ago) Health behaviour theory (HBT) has been used for decades to successfully predict and modify many health behaviours, but its use in the study of sleep health is rare. The purpose of this review is threefold. First, four dominant HBTs will be introduced. Second, the brief literature on HBT and sleep health

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SARS-CoV-2 infection rates of antibody-positive compared

(1 days ago) Department of Health and Social Care of the UK Government, Public Health England, The National Institute for Health Research, with contributions from the …

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Health Literacy, Health Disparities, and Sources of Health

(1 days ago) Background: Low health literacy in older adults has been associated with poor health outcomes (i.e., mortality, decreased physical and cognitive functioning, and less preventive care utilization). Many factors associated with low health literacy are also associated with health disparities. Interaction with healthcare providers and sources of health information are influenced by an individual's

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Identifying the health conscious consumer

(1 days ago) Individuals who lead a "wellness-oriented" lifestyle are concerned with nutrition, fitness, stress, and their environment. They accept responsibility for their health and are excellent customers for health-related products and services. Those who lack a wellness orientation are identified as higher …

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Health Benefits of Air Pollution Reduction

(1 days ago) Air pollution is a grave risk to human health that affects nearly everyone in the world and nearly every organ in the body. Fortunately, it is largely a preventable risk. Reducing pollution at its source can have a rapid and substantial impact on health. Within a few weeks, respiratory and irritatio …

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The health benefits of wine

(1 days ago) Further challenge arises because the health benefits of wine address the prevention of slowly developing diseases for which validated biomarkers are rare. Thus, although the benefits of the polyphenols from fruits and vegetables are increasingly accepted, consensus on wine is developing more slowly.

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Neighborhoods and health

(1 days ago) Features of neighborhoods or residential environments may affect health and contribute to social and race/ethnic inequalities in health. The study of neighborhood health effects has grown exponentially over the past 15 years. This chapter summarizes key work in this area with a particular focus on c …

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Health Insurance Coverage and Health

(1 days ago) Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us. Health Insurance Coverage and Health - What the Recent Evidence Tells Us N Engl J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):586-593. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb1706645. Epub 2017 Jun 21. Authors Benjamin D Sommers

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Health literacy: addressing the health and education

(1 days ago) Health literacy as a discrete form of literacy is becoming increasingly important for social, economic and health development. The positive and multiplier effects of education and general literacy on population health, particularly women's health, are well known and researched. However, a closer ana …

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Multisectoral approach for promoting public health

(1 days ago) Multisectoral approach (MSA) refers to deliberate collaboration among various stakeholder groups (e.g., government, civil society, and private sector) and sectors (e.g., health, environment, and economy) to jointly achieve a policy outcome. By engaging multiple sectors, partners can leverage knowled …

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Creatine Supplementation and Brain Health

(1 days ago) There is a robust and compelling body of evidence supporting the ergogenic and therapeutic role of creatine supplementation in muscle. Beyond these well-described effects and mechanisms, there is literature to suggest that creatine may also be beneficial to brain health (e.g., cognitive processing, brain function, and recovery from trauma).

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Health impacts of climate change and health and social

(1 days ago) This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of the special issue were interpreted using social justic …

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Policy Approaches to Advancing Health Equity

(1 days ago) Public health policy approaches have demonstrated measurable improvements in population health. Yet, "one-size-fits-all" approaches do not necessarily impact all populations equally and, in some cases, can widen existing disparities. It has been argued that interventions, including policy interventi …

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Structural racism and health inequities in the USA

(1 days ago) Despite growing interest in understanding how social factors drive poor health outcomes, many academics, policy makers, scientists, elected officials, journalists, and others responsible for defining and responding to the public discourse remain reluctant to identify racism as a root cause of racial …

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Adipogenesis and metabolic health

(1 days ago) Obesity is characterized by increased adipose tissue mass and has been associated with a strong predisposition towards metabolic diseases and cancer. Thus, it constitutes a public health issue of major proportion. The expansion of adipose depots can be driven either by the increase in adipocyte size …

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Health Care Administrative Costs in the United States and

(1 days ago) Background: Before Canada's single-payer reform, its payment system, health costs, and number of health administrative personnel per capita resembled those of the United States. By 1999, administration accounted for 31% of U.S. health expenditures versus 16.7% in Canada. No recent comprehensive analyses of those costs are available.

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Health inequalities and infectious disease epidemics: a

(1 days ago) Historical accounts of influenza pandemics and contemporary reports on infectious diseases clearly demonstrate that poverty, inequality, and social determinants of health create conditions for the transmission of infectious diseases, and existing health disparities or inequalities can further contribute to unequal burdens of morbidity and

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Race, socioeconomic status, and health. The added effects

(1 days ago) Racism is an added burden for nondominant populations. Individual and institutional discrimination, along with the stigma of inferiority, can adversely affect health by restricting socioeconomic opportunities and mobility. Racism can also directly affect health in multiple ways.

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Urban Green Space and Its Impact on Human Health

(1 days ago) While there have been numerous reviews of empirical studies on the link between nature and human health, very few have focused on the urban context, and most have examined almost exclusively cross-sectional research. This review is a first step toward assessing the possibility of causal relationships between nature and health in urban settings.

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Happiness and Health

(1 days ago) Research into the relationship between happiness and health is developing rapidly, exploring the possibility that impaired happiness is not only a consequence of ill-health but also a potential contributor to disease risk. Happiness encompasses several constructs, including affective well-being (fee …

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Side Effects, Physical Health Consequences, and Mortality

(1 days ago) 1 Ibis Reproductive Health, Oakland, California. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, California.

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Making the case for a 'fifth wave' in public health

(1 days ago) The fourth wave has been dominated by efforts to combat disease risk factors and the emergence of systems thinking. Although a trough of public health activity continues from each wave, none exerts the same impact as when it first emerged. This paper will discuss the complex challenges of obesity, inequality and loss of wellbeing, together with

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Health inequalities among British civil servants: the

(Just Now) Self-perceived health status and symptoms were worse in subjects in lower status jobs. There were clear employment-grade differences in health-risk behaviours including smoking, diet, and exercise, in economic circumstances, in possible effects of early-life environment as reflected by height, in social circumstances at work (eg, monotonous

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Rapid response to COVID-19: health informatics support for

(1 days ago) Objective: To describe the implementation of technological support important for optimizing clinical management of the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods: Our health system has confirmed prior and current cases of COVID-19. An Incident Command Center was established early in the crisis and helped identify electronic health record (EHR)-based tools to support clinical care.

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The effectiveness of health literacy interventions on the

(1 days ago) "Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgments and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life

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Carotenoids in human nutrition and health

(1 days ago) Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments found in most fruits and vegetables, plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids and must ingest them in food or via supplementation. Carotenoids have a range of functions in human health. They primarily exert antioxid …

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Health Literacy and Women's Reproductive Health: A

(1 days ago) Health literacy plays an important role in reproductive knowledge and may impact behaviors and outcomes. While further research is necessary, healthcare providers should utilize health literacy best practices now to promote high-quality care for patients.

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Self-rated health status as a health measure: the

(Just Now) The validity of various self-reported health assessments in predicting physician contracts and all-cause mortality was investigated in a prospective study in Finland. The follow-up periods were one year for the use of physician services and ten years ten months for the mortality. The study cohort co …

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Functional amino acids in nutrition and health

(1 days ago) The recent years have witnessed growing interest in biochemistry, physiology and nutrition of amino acids (AA) in growth, health and disease of humans and other animals. This results from the discoveries of AA in cell signaling involving protein kinases, G protein-coupled receptors, and gaseous mole …

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COVID-19 Racism and Mental Health in Chinese American

(1 days ago) Health care professionals must attend to the racism-related experiences and mental health needs of Chinese Americans parents and their children throughout the COVID-19 pandemic via education and making appropriate mental health referrals.

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France: Health System Review

(1 days ago) Despite health outcomes being among the best in the European Union, social and geographical health inequities remain. Inequality in the distribution of health care professionals is a considerable barrier to equity. The rising cost of health care and the increasing demand for long-term care are also of concern.

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10 years of health-care reform in China: progress and gaps

(1 days ago) In 2009, China launched a major health-care reform and pledged to provide all citizens with equal access to basic health care with reasonable quality and financial risk protection. The government has since quadrupled its funding for health. The reform's first phase (2009-11) emphasised expanding soc …

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The mediterranean diet: a history of health

(1 days ago) The purpose of our work is to demonstrate that the combination of taste and health is a goal that can be absolutely carried out by everybody, despite those who believe that only a generous caloric intake can guarantee the goodness of a dish and the satisfaction of the consumers.

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