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Folate

This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Folate, see our consumer fact sheet on Folate.. Introduction. Folate is a water-soluble B vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement.

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URL: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/folate-HealthProfessional/

Fluoride

(2 days ago) Environ Health 2019;18:110. [PubMed abstract] Office of Health Assessment and Translation, Division of the National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health. Systematic Review of Fluoride Exposure and Neurodevelopmental and Cognitive Health

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Iron

(8 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Iron, see our consumer fact sheet on Iron.. Introduction. Iron is a mineral that is naturally present in many foods, added to some food products, and available as a dietary supplement.

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Calcium

(1 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Calcium, see our consumer fact sheet on Calcium.. Introduction. Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, is found in some foods, added to others, available as a dietary supplement, and present in some medicines (such as antacids).

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Manganese

(3 days ago) Manganese and Health. Because of the role of manganese as a cofactor for several enzymes, low intakes might increase the risk of illness. This section focuses on two health areas in which manganese might be involved: bone health and diabetes. Bone health Manganese is a cofactor for several enzymes involved in bone formation .

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Selenium

(2 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Selenium, see our consumer fact sheet on Selenium.. Introduction. Selenium is a trace element that is naturally present in many foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement.

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Vitamin B12

(4 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Vitamin B12, see our consumer fact sheet on Vitamin B12.. Introduction. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement and a prescription medication.

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Omega-3 Fatty Acids

(Just Now) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Omega-3 Fatty Acids, see our consumer fact sheet on Omega-3 Fatty Acids.. Introduction. The two major classes of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are the omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

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Phosphorus

(4 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Phosphorus, see our consumer fact sheet on Phosphorus.. Introduction. Phosphorus, an essential mineral, is naturally present in many foods and available as a dietary supplement.

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Magnesium

(3 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Magnesium, see our consumer fact sheet on Magnesium.. Introduction. Magnesium, an abundant mineral in the body, is naturally present in many foods, added to other food products, available as a dietary supplement, and present in some medicines (such as antacids and laxatives).

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Potassium

(3 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Potassium, see our consumer fact sheet on Potassium.. Introduction. Potassium, the most abundant intracellular cation, is an essential nutrient that is naturally present in many foods and available as a dietary supplement.

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Copper

(Just Now) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Copper, see our consumer fact sheet on Copper.. Introduction. Copper, an essential mineral, is naturally present in some foods and is available as a dietary supplement.

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Vitamin E

(2 days ago) Vitamin E and Health. Many claims have been made about vitamin E's potential to promote health and prevent and treat disease. The mechanisms by which vitamin E might provide this protection include its function as an antioxidant and its roles in anti-inflammatory processes, inhibition of platelet aggregation, and immune enhancement.

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Vitamin A

(2 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Vitamin A, see our consumer fact sheet on Vitamin A.. Introduction. Vitamin A is the name of a group of fat-soluble retinoids, including retinol, retinal, and retinyl esters [].Vitamin A is involved in immune function, vision, reproduction, and cellular communication [1,4,5].

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Chromium

(2 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Chromium, see our consumer fact sheet on Chromium.. Introduction. Chromium, as trivalent (+3) chromium, is a trace element that is naturally present in many foods and available as a dietary supplement.

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Niacin

(Just Now) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Niacin, see our consumer fact sheet on Niacin.. Introduction. Niacin (also known as vitamin B3) is one of the water-soluble B vitamins.

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Vitamin B6

(3 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Vitamin B6, see our consumer fact sheet on Vitamin B6.. Introduction. Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in many foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement.

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Biotin

(Just Now) Biotin and Health. Hair, nail, and skin health. Signs of biotin deficiency include skin rashes, hair loss, and brittle nails [10,13]. Therefore, biotin supplements are often promoted for hair, skin, and nail health [16,23,24]. However, these claims are supported, at best, by only a few case reports and small studies.

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Black Cohosh

(5 days ago) Health Canada. Black cohosh products and liver toxicity: update. 2010. Australian Government Department of Health, Therapeutic Goods Administration. New labelling requirements and consumer information for medicines containing black cohosh. 2007.

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Vitamin C

(2 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Vitamin C, see our consumer fact sheet on Vitamin C.. For information on Vitamin C and COVID-19, see the NIH COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines on Vitamin C.. Introduction

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Vitamin B12

(4 days ago) This is a reader-friendly overview of Vitamin B12. For more details, see our health professional fact sheet on Vitamin B12.. What is vitamin B12 and what does it do? Vitamin B12 is a nutrient that helps keep the body's nerve and blood cells healthy and helps make DNA, the genetic material in all cells.

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Office of Dietary Supplements

(4 days ago) An analysis of data from the 2013–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found that the average daily choline intake from foods and beverages among children and teens is 256 mg for ages 2–19 . In adults, the average daily choline intake from foods and beverages is 402 mg in men and 278 mg in women.

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Vitamin D

(3 days ago) However, because research has been conducted on vitamin D and numerous health outcomes, this section focuses on seven diseases, conditions, and interventions in which vitamin D might be involved: bone health and osteoporosis, cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), depression, multiple sclerosis (MS), type 2 diabetes, and weight loss.

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Iodine

(Just Now) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Iodine, see our consumer fact sheet on Iodine.. Introduction. Iodine is a trace element that is naturally present in some foods, is added to some types of salt, and is available as a dietary supplement.

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Magnesium

(3 days ago) Scientists are studying magnesium to understand how it affects health. Here are some examples of what this research has shown. High blood pressure and heart disease. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Magnesium supplements might decrease blood pressure, but only by a small amount.

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Dietary Supplements In the Time of COVID-19

(1 days ago) The National Institutes of Health (NIH) COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines Panel notes that in patients who do not have COVID-19, intravenous vitamin C alone or in combination with other nutrients and medications improves some but not all outcomes in critically ill patients with sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, or pneumonia .

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Molybdenum

(4 days ago) This is a fact sheet intended for health professionals. For a reader-friendly overview of Molybdenum, see our consumer fact sheet on Molybdenum.. Introduction. Molybdenum is an essential trace element that is naturally present in many foods and is also available as a dietary supplement.

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Health Related Quality of Life and Health Status

(9 days ago) Generic Health Status Measures Most famous: SF-36 health profile One questionnaire with 36 questions Several questions about each of 8 different domains of health multiple scales to cover broad scope of health, not tied to one disease or organ system Scoring: Psychometric scales based on summing responses to multiple questions

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Vitamin K

(2 days ago) More research is needed to better understand if vitamin K supplements can help improve bone health and reduce osteoporosis risk. Coronary heart disease Scientists are studying whether low blood levels of vitamin K increase the risk of coronary heart disease , perhaps by making blood vessels that feed the heart stiffer and narrower.

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Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know

(9 days ago) Dietary supplement labels may include certain types of health-related claims. Manufacturers are permitted to say, for example, that a supplement promotes health or supports a body function (like immunity or heart health). These claims must be followed by the words, “This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.

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Health Information

(2 days ago) An agency of the Department of Health and Human Services, the NIH is the Federal focal point for medical and behavioral research in the United States. The mission of the NIH is to pursue new knowledge that will lead to better health by conducting and supporting biomedical research.

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Folate

(Just Now) The measure of mcg DFE is used because your body absorbs more folic acid from fortified foods and dietary supplements than folate found naturally in foods. Compared to folate found naturally in foods, you actually need less folic acid to get recommended amounts. For example, 240 mcg of folic acid and 400 mcg of folate are both equal to 400 mcg DFE.

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ODS Strategic Plan 2017-2021

(6 days ago) ODS Annual Report 2019 I. Introduction to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) The ODS was created at a time of high public and congressional interest in health maintenance and wellness, in particular the concept that nutrients and other natural substances provided as dietary supplements might offer benefits to health beyond basic nutrition.

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Biotin

(Just Now) Scientists are studying biotin to understand how it affects health. Here is an example of what this research has shown. Hair, nail, and skin health Dietary supplements that contain biotin are often promoted to improve the health of your hair, skin, and nails, but there is little scientific evidence to support these claims.

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Magnesium Fact Sheet for Consumers

(Just Now) on health? Scientists are studying magnesium to understand how it affects health. Here are some examples of what this research has shown. High blood pressure and heart disease High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Magnesium supplements might decrease blood pressure, but only by a small amount. Some studies

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Pantothenic Acid

(9 days ago) This is a reader-friendly overview of Pantothenic Acid. For more details, see our health professional fact sheet on Pantothenic Acid.. What is pantothenic acid and what does it do? Pantothenic acid (also called vitamin B5) helps turn the food you eat into the energy you need. It’s important for many functions in the body, especially making and breaking down fats.

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Molybdenum

(4 days ago) Foods contain vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, and other components that benefit health. In some cases, fortified foods and dietary supplements are useful when it is not possible to meet needs for one or more nutrients (e.g., during specific life stages such as pregnancy).

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Vitamin A

(2 days ago) This is a reader-friendly overview of Vitamin A. For more details, see our health professional fact sheet on Vitamin A.. What is vitamin A and what does it do? Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in many foods.

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Kava

(Just Now) Letter to Health Care Professionals: FDA Issues Consumer Advisory That Kava Products May be Associated with Severe Liver Injury (3/25/2002) Letter to Health Care Professionals about FDA Seeking Information on Liver Injury and Kava Products (12/19/2001) FDA Posts Safety Alert for Kava (12/19/2001) CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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Carnitine

(3 days ago) Carnitine: What is it? Carnitine, derived from an amino acid, is found in nearly all cells of the body. Its name is derived from the Latin carnus or flesh, as the compound was isolated from meat. Carnitine is the generic term for a number of compounds that include L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, and propionyl-L-carnitine [1,2].Carnitine plays a critical role in energy production.

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Vitamin E

(2 days ago) This is a reader-friendly overview of Vitamin E. For more details, see our health professional fact sheet on Vitamin E.. What is vitamin E and what does it do? Vitamin E …

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Iodine Fact Sheet for Consumers

(7 days ago) confirm this. Check with your health care provider before taking iodine for this condition, especially because iodine can be unsafe at high doses. Radiation-induced thyroid cancer Nuclear accidents can release radioactive iodine into the environment, increasing the risk of …

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Vitamin D Initiative

(5 days ago) Vitamin D and health in the 21st century: federal initiatives to advance research. July 2009 Costello RB. Vitamin D and health in the 21st century: federal initiatives to advance research. Am J Med Sci. 2009 Jul;338(1):34-9. 2009 Sep;90(3):695. Epub 2009 Jul. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin D: justification for a review of the 1997 values.

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Omega-3 Fatty Acids Fact Sheet for Consumers

(7 days ago) health. However, it is important to choose fish that are higher in EPA and DHA and lower in mercury. Examples are salmon, herring, sardines, and trout. It is not clear whether taking dietary supplements containing EPA and DHA during pregnancy or breastfeeding affects a baby’s health

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Vitamin D Fact Sheet for Consumers

(9 days ago) Vitamin D is a nutrient you need for good health. It helps your body absorb calcium, one of the main building blocks for strong bones. Together with calcium, vitamin D helps protect you from developing osteoporosis, a disease that thins and weakens the bones and makes them more likely to break. Your body needs vitamin D for other functions too.

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Iron

(8 days ago) Iron’s most important contribution to health is preventing iron deficiency anemia and resulting problems. Pregnant women. During pregnancy, the amount of blood in a woman's body increases, so she needs more iron for herself and her growing baby.

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Calcium

(1 days ago) Osteoporosis is a serious public health problem for more than 10 million adults over the age of 50 in the United States. Adequate calcium and vitamin D intakes as well as regular exercise are essential to keep bones healthy throughout life.

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Office of Dietary Supplements

(1 days ago) The FNB has established ULs for zinc (Table 3). Long-term intakes above the UL increase the risk of adverse health effects . The ULs do not apply to individuals receiving zinc for medical treatment, but such individuals should be under the care of a physician who monitors them for adverse health effects.

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