Nichd.nih.gov

Health NICHD

NICHD conducts and supports cutting-edge research to help improve the health of children, adults, families, and communities. These activities enable NICHD to provide health information about a wide array of topics related to development throughout the lifespan. Research also forms the basis of institute-led health information programs.

Actived: 2 days ago

URL: https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health

What health issues or conditions are …

(1 days ago) Women experience unique health issues and conditions, from pregnancy and menopause to gynecological conditions, such as uterine fibroids and pelvic floor disorders. The health topics listed below affect women only. Some other conditions affect men too but affect women primarily or more severely. Because women’s health is so broad, these health topics include links to access …

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What conditions or disorders are commonly associated with

(9 days ago) In addition to intellectual and developmental disabilities, children with Down syndrome are at an increased risk for certain health problems. However, each individual with Down syndrome is different, and not every person will have serious health problems. Many of these associated conditions can be treated with medication, surgery, or other interventions.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(3 days ago) The health topics listed below affect women only. Some other conditions affect men too but affect women primarily or more severely. Because women’s health is so broad, these health topics include links to access more information within the NICHD’s website.

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Science Update: NIH-funded study raises possibility that

(Just Now) Trophoblasts—the outermost fetal cells of the placenta—may be able to contain SARS-CoV-2 and prevent it from spreading to the fetus even though these cells appear to be susceptible to infection by the virus, a study by NIH-funded researchers suggests. Further research into how trophoblasts might contain the virus could lead to ways to prevent COVID-19 in children and adults.

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What can I do to promote a healthy pregnancy

(9 days ago) Your health care provider may screen you for iron-deficiency anemia and, if you have it, may recommend iron supplements. 25 Your health care provider may also recommend a vitamin B12 supplement if you are a vegan. 26,27 (Vegetarians normally get …

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How does bullying affect health and well-being

(9 days ago) Bullying can affect physical and emotional health, both in the short term and later in life. It can lead to physical injury, social problems, emotional problems, and even death.1 Those who are bullied are at increased risk for mental health problems, headaches, and problems adjusting to school.2 Bullying also can cause long-term damage to self-esteem.3

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Mom's Mental Health Matters: Healthcare Providers

(2 days ago) Harmful health behaviors (e.g., smoking and alcohol or other substance misuse) 19; Women with depression during pregnancy are at increased risk for preterm birth and infant low birth weight. 20. Postpartum Health Consequences. Disruption of early maternal-infant bonding has been shown to impact an infant’s early development.

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What health problems can develop during pregnancy

(7 days ago) Regular prenatal visits help the health care provider identify potential health problems early and take steps to manage them, to protect the health of the mother and the developing fetus. Being aware of the symptoms of these conditions and getting regular prenatal care can prevent health problems and help you get treatment as early as possible.

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How does rehabilitative technology benefit people with

(8 days ago) Rehabilitative technology can help restore or improve function in people who have developed a disability due to disease, injury, or aging. Appropriate assistive technology often helps people with disabilities compensate, at least in part, for a limitation. For example, assistive technology enables students with disabilities to compensate for certain impairments.

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Adrenal Gland Disorders NICHD

(2 days ago) Adrenal gland disorders occur when the adrenal glands produce too much or too little hormone. Adrenal gland function also can be affected by hormones produced by other glands in the body, such as the pituitary gland, or by hormones introduced from an outside source. At least nine different types of adrenal gland disorders exist, each with its own symptoms and possible treatments.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(5 days ago) In the Upstate New York Developmental Screening Program, DIPHR researchers are working with the New York State Department of Health, and the University at Albany School of Public Health, to determine whether infertility treatments adversely affect the growth, motor, and social development of children from birth through age 3 years, or if these

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(4 days ago) A health care provider may suggest that a woman with POI take HRT until she is about 50 years old, the age at which menopause usually begins. After that time, she should talk with her health care provider about stopping the treatment because of risks associated with using this type of therapy in the years after the normal age of menopause. 3

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Are there disorders or conditions associated with spina

(6 days ago) Health issues are different for each person with spina bifida. Open spina bifida (myelomeningocele)—in which the spinal cord is exposed—tends to cause more severe problems.1 Hydrocephalus Many infants born with spina bifida get extra fluid in and around the brain, a condition called hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. The extra fluid can cause swelling of the head, which …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(9 days ago) The Add Health study is the largest, most comprehensive survey of adolescents ever undertaken. Initially, the goals of the study focused only on adolescents. Researchers designed the study to determine how families, friends, peer groups, schools, neighborhoods, communities, and individual characteristics influence health, health behaviors, and

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(3 days ago) Health care providers recommend that certain pregnant women, including those who are older than 35 years of age and those with a family history of certain conditions, get additional prenatal tests to screen for birth defects. Prenatal detection allows doctors to start treatment as early as possible for some birth defects.

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What is weaning and how do I do it

(5 days ago) Weaning is the process of switching an infant's diet from breast milk or formula to other foods and fluids. In most cases, choosing when to wean is a personal decision. It might be influenced by a return to work, the mother's or infant's health, or just a feeling that the time is right.1

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A Mother’s Day Message: Time for Action to Improve

(5 days ago) In turn, health care providers (including non-obstetricians) should take a health history that includes recent pregnancies and listen to women, especially if they have health factors that increase the risk of complications. NIH will continue to advance research to help ensure healthy pregnancies and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality.

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About Preeclampsia and Eclampsia NICHD

(6 days ago) Preeclampsia and eclampsia are part of the spectrum of high blood pressure, or hypertensive, disorders that can occur during pregnancy. At the mild end of the spectrum is gestational hypertension, which occurs when a woman who previously had normal blood pressure develops high blood pressure when she is more than 20 weeks pregnant and her blood pressure returns to normal …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(1 days ago) Mental health professionals can help the child understand these feelings, learn ways to cope with them, and learn how to build healthy relationships. 3 Tips for Managing a Learning Disability in Adulthood. Support from schools can improve elementary and secondary students’ math, reading, and other language skills. But how can people with

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(2 days ago) The health care provider may look for signs of milk production in the breasts, which suggests a hormone imbalance, and other physical symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome and other conditions that affect fertility. A health care provider may also conduct the …

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Menstruation and Menstrual Problems NICHD

(2 days ago) Menstrual irregularities are changes to the menstrual cycle that result in missed periods, irregular periods, or excessive bleeding. NICHD is one of many federal agencies and NIH Institutes working to understand menstrual problems. NICHD supports and conducts research on what causes menstrual irregularities and how best to treat and detect them.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(7 days ago) The symptoms of one person with autism can be very different from the symptoms of another person with autism. Health care providers think of autism as a spectrum disorder—which means that there is a range of similar features in different people with the disorder. 1 One person with autism may have mild symptoms, while another may have more serious symptoms, but they both have …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(9 days ago) The NICHD supports and conducts research on the diagnosis, treatment, management, prevention, and inheritance of Fragile X and its associated conditions, Fragile X-Associated Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (FXPOI) and Fragile X-Associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS). All three conditions result from changes in the same gene on the X chromosome.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(4 days ago) Therapies can help people with TBI recover functions, relearn skills, and find new ways to do things that take their new health status into account. Rehabilitation can include several different kinds of therapy for physical, emotional, and cognitive difficulties and for a variety of activities, such as daily self-care, driving, and interacting

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Office of Global Health (OGH) NICHD

(2 days ago) OGH seeks to improve health worldwide by providing leadership, coordination, and support for NICHD's global health mission and activities. The office was established in 1998 as the Office of Prevention Research and International Programs (PRIP).

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Institutional Training Grants (T32/K12) NICHD

(4 days ago) K12 Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health (BIRCWH) Purpose: Provides bridge support to physician-scientists as they move between completion of clinical or research fellowship training and an independent research career Eligibility: Open to all types of clinicians and non-clinicians Addresses the spectrum of women's health topics

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(5 days ago) Your health care provider will check the levels of androgens, cholesterol, and sugar in your blood. Do a pelvic exam or ultrasound to check your ovaries. During the pelvic exam, your health care provider will insert two fingers into your vagina and …

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What are some factors that make a pregnancy high risk

(1 days ago) Several factors can make a pregnancy high risk, including existing health conditions, the mother’s age, lifestyle, and health issues that happen before or during pregnancy. This page provides some possible factors that could create a high-risk pregnancy situation. This list is not meant to be all-inclusive, and each pregnancy is different, so the specific risks for one pregnancy may not be

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(5 days ago) Health care providers and researchers don't know the exact cause, but there are many theories. More and more research evidence suggests that infants who die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are born with brain abnormalities or defects.

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Healthcare & Service Providers Safe to Sleep

(3 days ago) Questions and Answers for Health Care Providers: SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death This 32-page booklet for health care providers provides answers to common questions about SIDS and other sleep-related causes of infant death and includes references to scientific articles that describe the evidence on which the answers are based.

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Urinary Tract Health: Research Activities and Scientific

(9 days ago) Through its intramural and extramural organizational units, the NICHD supports and conducts research on urinary tract health. Short descriptions of this research appear below.

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Promoting Healthy Pregnancy, Labor, and Delivery NICHD

(5 days ago) Researchers from NICHD’s Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research published findings that an inexpensive daily nutritional supplement may provide women in resource-poor settings with enough of a nutritional boost to improve fetal growth. According to the authors, these findings show that it is possible to improve maternal

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National Advisory Child Health and Human Development

(5 days ago) May 2021 Council (to be held on June 7-8, 2021) Presentations 202105 NICHD Director’s Report (Bianchi) 202105 NIDCD Director’s Invited Presentation (Tucci) 202105 Strategies to EnRich Inclusion and AchieVe Equity (STRIVE) (Lamar) 202105 The MPRINT Hub: Advancing Frontiers in Health through Maternal and Pediatric pRecision In Therapeutics (Pawlyk) 202105 Voice of the …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(3 days ago) Health care providers look for an increase in blood pressure and either protein in the urine, fluid buildup, or both for a diagnosis of superimposed preeclampsia. In addition to tests that might diagnose preeclampsia or similar problems, health care providers may do other tests to assess the health of the mother and fetus, including:

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(8 days ago) Health care providers then test those blood spots for a number of congenital disorders (conditions that are present at birth). Infants are also screened for hearing disorders and for other serious heart problems using methods other than dried blood spots.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(8 days ago) The health care provider may also use imaging techniques to rule out a tumor or other organ abnormality as a cause. These imaging methods may include 3: Ultrasound (sonography) to examine the gonads. An ultrasound painlessly creates an image on a computer screen of blood vessels and tissues, allowing a health care provider to monitor organs and

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Targeting Sudden Infant Death

(1 days ago) Health Disparities: Bridging the Gap, a fifth strategic plan, was developed to better understand how natural biological and behavioral forces interact with a variety of social, community, and economic factors to produce health disparities, and how to intervene to enhance the health and well-being of these minority and underserved populations.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(8 days ago) Obesity-related Health Risks for Mothers. Women who are overweight or obese during pregnancy face several possible health risks, including high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, and an increased chance of needing a Cesarean delivery. 1,2. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that begins during pregnancy. Women who have had gestational diabetes

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More Information on Cerebral Palsy NICHD

(1 days ago) Find answers to other common questions about cerebral palsy, such as how to reduce the risk for it, associated conditions, and health challenges in adults with cerebral palsy. Resources. Links to websites of groups that study and provide information about cerebral palsy. Resources for Patients; Resources for Researchers and Healthcare Providers

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What are the symptoms of adrenal gland disorders

(5 days ago) Common symptoms of Cushing's syndrome (due to an adrenal, pituitary, or ectopic tumor) can include:. Upper body obesity, round face and neck, and thinning arms and legs; Skin problems, such as acne or reddish-blue streaks on the abdomen or underarm area

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(1 days ago) Reproductive health is an important component of men's overall health and well-being. Too often, males have been overlooked in discussions of reproductive health, especially when reproductive issues such as contraception and infertility have been perceived as female-related.

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Preeclampsia and Eclampsia NICHD

(2 days ago) Preeclampsia (pree-i-KLAMP-see-uh) and eclampsia (ih-KLAMP-see-uh) are pregnancy-related high blood pressure disorders. In preeclampsia, the mother’s high blood pressure reduces the blood supply to the fetus, which may get less oxygen and fewer nutrients. Eclampsia is when pregnant women with preeclampsia develop seizures or coma. NICHD and other agencies are working to …

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How does inadequate sleep affect health

(6 days ago) How does inadequate sleep affect health? En Español. Inadequate sleep—such as not sleeping long enough overall or having poor quality sleep—affects both how we feel and how we function. Short-term effects can include drowsiness or sleepiness, irritability, reduced alertness, poor motor skills, and attention problems.

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NICHD Maternal Morbidity and Mortality Research

(1 days ago) Moms’ Mental Health Matters This initiative from NICHD’s National Child & Maternal Health Education Program helps educate consumers and health care providers about who is at risk for depression and anxiety during and after pregnancy, the signs of these problems, and how to get help.

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How do healthcare providers diagnose Cushing syndrome

(1 days ago) Diagnosing Cushing syndrome can be complex and difficult. This syndrome is easier to recognize once it develops fully, but healthcare providers try …

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What are the stages of labor

(1 days ago) The health care provider may ask the woman to push. The provider might pull gently on the umbilical cord and massage the uterus to help the placenta come out. In some cases, the woman might receive medication to prevent bleeding. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7. Citations Close Citations.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

(9 days ago) Maternal Morbidity and Mortality. Maternal morbidity describes any short- or long-term health problems that result from being pregnant and giving birth.Maternal mortality refers to the death of a woman from complications of pregnancy or childbirth that occur during the pregnancy or within 6 weeks after the pregnancy ends.. NICHD is one of many federal agencies working to improve maternal

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